By Egon Friedell
This is the second one quantity of Friedell's huge A Cultural historical past of the trendy Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 international wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries lined during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, warfare, even morality, poetry, and faith. All platforms of suggestion produced during this century, both commence with the scientifi c outlook as their starting place or regard it as their maximum and fi nal goal.
Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In usual use, via "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial levels have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is easily understood.
Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell contains all hobbies directed opposed to what has been dominant and conventional. Th e goals of such hobbies have been home improvement the country and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause by way of sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency could be visible as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity keeps Friedell's dramatic heritage of the riding forces of the 20th century.
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